Liposuction is a surgical procedure for removing excess body fat in order to sculpt the body curves. When you go through the liposuction surgery , there is several different types of techniques for doing liposuction. Some techniques are no longer considered safe and some are recognized as world-wide standards of care. One of the main differences is in the technique used by the surgeon to loosen the fat, making it easier to remove from the body. In general fat is removed via cannula(a hollow tube) and aspirator(a suction device). Liposuction techniques can be categorized by the amount of the fluid injection and by the mechanism in which the cannula works. The most famous liposuction techniques are tumescent, water assisted, laser assisted, power assisted and ultrasonic liposuction.
The Tumescent technique is most common techniques of liposuction. This method provides local anesthesia to large volume of subcutaneous fat and so permits liposuction totally by local anesthesia. Generally this type of liposuction takes longer than any other technique.
The dry technique derived its name from the fact that it did not use injections of local anesthesia into the fat before liposuction. This technique is not used anymore because of problems with bleeding and inferior results. Blood composed 30% of the tissue removed by the dry liposuction technique.
The wet technique needs the local anesthesia. This technique need the injection of approximately 100 milliliters of local anesthesia which containing epinephrine. Compare to dry liposuction technique wet technique caused less blood loss but still it is excessive and dangerous. Blood composed approximately 15% to 20% of the tissue removed by the wet liposuction technique.
Super Wet Technique
Super Wet Technique also need general anesthesia. This technique needs the injection of a volume of dilute local anesthesia which is less than half the volume used for the tumescent technique. Super wet technique caused less blood loss compare to wet technique. It is approximately 8% of the fluid removed by super wet liposuction technique, but still it is greater than the tumescent technique.
Ultrasonic Assisted Liposuction (UAL)
Ultrasonic Assisted Liposuction needs the use of a large volume of tumescent fluid and uses either a metal probe or metal paddle to release ultrasonic energy and heat into subcutaneous fat.
Vaser Liposuction is also known as lipo selection. This is another alternate technique to traditional liposuction. Vaser Liposuction is a process in which fatty deposits are destroyed from underneath the skin to enhance the aesthetics of an individual body part.
Power Assisted Technique (PAL)
Power Assisted Technique devices use power which supplied by an electric motor or compressed air to produce either a spinning rotation or a rapid in and out movement of an attached liposuction cannula. This type of liposuction is very similar to tumescent technique. The main difference is the cannula. In the tumescent technique cannula or thin metal tube is used to suction out the unwanted fat. In PAL technique uses a specialized cannula that vibrates at very high speed and this motion destroye fat for easier removal and also reduces the number of manual movements which is perform by the surgeon during the procedure. Advocates of PAL claim that it makes liposuction easier for the surgeon. Clinical evidence and surgeon testimony indicate that PAL is not only easier for surgeons but also less traumatic for patients and also more efficient for both.
Laser Liposuction is also known as laser lipo, laser lipolysis or LAL. Laser liposuction technique connects laser energy to destroy the fat cells and making them easier to remove. Laser liposuction technique needs the use of tumescent fluid and uses a micro cannula which is inserted through a small incision to deliver laser energy and heat into subcutaneous fat. First laser liposuction device was approved y the FDA in 2006. Practitioners of laser liposuction discover that the use of surgical laser results in greater accuracy and more polished body contours.
Smart Lipo laser liposuction offers all the benefits of a high quality laser lipolysis. In this liposuction the small cannula and powerful laser gives accurate targeting of even the smallest body part. So a doctor can target pocket of fat that would be untreatable with traditional liposuction. The laser not only melts the fat and facilitates its removal but also causes small blood vessels to coagulate immediately to reduce bruising and the chance of blood loss.
Cool lipo is also like other laser lipo technique. This technology uses laser wavelengths to dissolve fat and firm the skin. Cool Lipo by Cool Touch inc. is designed especially for smaller areas of treatments of the face, chin and neck areas.
Pro Lipo PLUS
Pro Lipo PLUS laser are useful for particular and accurate contouring of the body. Pro Lipo PLUS can be used under local anesthesia and also the use of laser reduces bleeding and bruising.
The Lipo Lite laser liposuction technique uses the 1064 nm wavelength to melt away fat and remove it from the underneath the skin. The tiny cannula and fiber optic laser make for minimal invasiveness during procedure.
Lipo Therme and Lipo Control
Lipo therme is another well regarded laser lipolysis technology by Osyris Medical. The real difference that Osyris Medical has brought to the market is in their LipoControl technology which is used in conjunction with their Lipo Therme laser liposuction treatment.
Water Jet Assisted Liposuction
Water Jet Assisted Liposuction is one of the latest methods of liposuction which is used by many cosmetic surgeons. It is a technique linking a stream of water intentionally targeted at the fat layer and breaking it apart for easier removal. These methods use a thin beam of water to loosen the structure of the fat layer beneath the skin. Instead of destroying fat cells, this technique loosens the fat cells to facilitate more gentle removal. This technique is also known as WAL or H2O Lipo. Water Assisted Liposuction technique include water- Jet and Body- Jet liposuction.
These are various liposuction techniques and a basic introduction for each procedure.